1778. America and the French sign the Treaty of Alliance, paving the way for the French to join the American Revolutionary War and the path to ultimate American victory.
1819. Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles founded Singapore, which goes on to be one of the most critical parts of the British Empire for the next 125+ years.
1862. General Ulysses S. Grant gives the Union its first victory of the war, at the Battle of Fort Henry.
1959. Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments files for the first patent for an integrated circuit.
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