1620. Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower sight land. Cape Cod.
1799. Napoleon leads a coup d'etat overthrowing the Directory and becoming one of three Consuls.
1862. The overmatched Ambrose Burnside accepts command of the Army of the Potomac following McClellan's dismissal. A good man and a good soldier, Burnside actually knew that he wasn't really fit for the command of the entire army, but accepted it in lieu of seeing it go to his rival, Joseph Hooker. He would fail, spectacularly, at the Battle of Fredericksburg, and then begin (and fail) to achieve anything in what would become known as the Mud March. He will be relieved in late January, having accomplished nothing to further the Union cause.
1887. The US receives the rights to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
1888. Ex-soldier Thomas Bowyer stood outside the small apartment and politely knocked. He was there to collect rent for his employer, a landlord. The tenant was six weeks behind, and owed 29 shillings. If the tenant still couldn't pay, she would need to be evicted. Hearing no answer, he noted a hole in the window next to the door, and put his hand through to push aside the coat being used as a curtain. He then saw the horribly mutilated body of the tenant, Mary Jane Kelly. Jack the Ripper had struck again.
A small minority of scholars believe it is possible that this was not the work of the same killer as the prior victims. This victim was considerably younger than the other victims, being only 25. The scene of the crime was inside an apartment, as opposed to in the streets. Finally, the significant delay between the prior murders and this one, and the fact that this was the last, and by far the worst, suggests the possibility of a different killer. The majority of those who have studied the matter, however, deem this to be the work of the same man.
The killer would have had more time in the privacy of the room to commit his crime, leading to the far worse mutliation he inflicted on the body. This woman, too, was a prostitute like the others, and was in the Whitechapel district of London. And besides, how many truly grisly murderers could operate in the same area? The details are lengthy and fantastically grisly, but (in brief) the entire abdomen and thighs had been cut away, the abdominal cavity emptied, and hte breasts removed. The removed body parts had been rearranged, with the uterus, kidneys and one breast under the head, etc.
Thankfully, so far as anybody knows, Jack the Ripper had performed his last murder.
1906. For the first time in history, a sitting President leaves the country on an official trip when Teddy Roosevelt goes to visit the Panama Canal, which is in the process of being built.
1918. Kaiser Wilhelm abdicates, and Germany is declared a Republic.
1967. The first issue of Rolling Stone magazine.
1989. The Berlin Wall "falls" when East Germany opens the checkpoints. This will rapidly lead to reunification.