Interesting ideas from many people in this thread. I definitely agree that securing the border should be a priority but I have given up hope that a military presence will be used.
We definitely need to streamline our legal immigration processes and if comprehensive immigration reform passes, the illegals need to pay a fine and go to the end of the line (doesn't apply to illegals with criminal records they will just need to be deported.)
We also should have a biometric National ID card but I know that won't happen either.
As far as learning to speak English that is a necessary step to becoming a citizen and if comprehensive immigration reform passes it is my understanding that illegals will not be granted immediate citizenship just issued green cards or whatever. You don't need to learn English to get a green card IIRC.