Oh, and Buc, read pages 39 and 40 of this scanned paper. It is from the Institute of Archaeology, from the University College London, so it isn't some "ham handed" "state" school that just ****s everything up.
It marks your precious spelt as a domesticated hulled wheat. It marks "bread wheat" as domesticated freethreshing wheat. It then goes on to say, "Domestication is the process by which humans take reproductive control of plants or animals, modifying them for their own purposes. Selection pressures applied - consciously or unconsciously - in cultivation and harvesting have resulted in significant adaptations of crops to human needs." This means that the ancients have "altered" your precious spelt.
Also read this.
Spelt (Triticum aestivum var. spelta) is a sub-species of common wheat. It has been grown in Europe for about 300 years. Spelt was introduced to the United States in the 1890s.
Most of the nation's spelt acreage is in Ohio. That state grows between 100,000 and 200,000 acres of spelt annually, about 10 times more than any other state. A few varieties of spelt were developed in the early part of this century. They are no longer identifiable, and spelt has been considered an undeveloped crop. In 1986, The Ohio State University released an improved winter variety, named 'Champ'.
Spelt is often erroneously called "speltz." Sometimes emmer, another subspecies of wheat that includes dururn wheat, is incorrectly called spelt.
Spelt you buy is treated and has been treated throughout human history the same as wheat. In fact, OSU came out with a new variety, just like KSU, OSU, and aTm do with wheat.
And that took me 5 mintues to research.