Israel, a socialist country, is one of the few that draft or have mandatory military service, because they are always at war with their neighbors. Fact is their policy has been an evolving one. By Israel’s own admission, allowing women in combat was not successful but actually a disaster. Israel and Woman in Combat circa 2001
( See next post.)
So it was done away with or changed, except that there were some supreme court rulings which was also followed by new legislation.
The Equality Amendment to the Military Service law, enacted in January 2000, completed the Supreme Court ruling as it defined the right of female soldiers to volunteer for combat professions. This law stated that "The right of women to serve in any role in the IDF is equal to the right of men." The amendment drafted by female lawmakers granted equal opportunities to women found physically and personally suitable for a job. The question of who and what was "suitable" was left to the discretion of military leaders on a case-by-case basis. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women_in_Israel
Remember, The Israeli Declaration of Independence states:
“The State of Israel (…) will ensure complete equality of social and political rights to all its inhabitants irrespective of religion, race or sex.”
Complete equality is a socialist idea and Israel's socialism is subordinate to the nation. At any rate, I don't see why we should copy any other nation's policies. I think this change has more to do with the military not being able to meet its recruitment levels. Hence, why they also have recruited criminals from gangs.