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Old 10-19-2012, 01:49 PM   #25
whoman69 whoman69 is offline
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The Electoral College is not just in place to give smaller states more of a say in the election of the President. It is true though that smaller states votes would drown in the pool of a direct vote. It is also put in place to make sure that a regional candidate does not win an election.

In 2000 when Gore won he had an advantage of more than 3 million votes in California and New York yet he won the overall popular vote by less than 500,000.

In 1888 when Harrison beat Cleveland, the vote was Cleveland's favor. Deeper analysis of that vote shows that Cleveland was extremely popular in the south because of his view on a tarriff which the south favored. In six southern state he pulled 65% of the vote and had a total margin of more than 425,000 votes. In the other 32 states Harrison's was nearly 395,000 votes ahead even though Cleveland won 12 of those states.

In 1876 there was so much voter fraud going on it is hard to tell who had how many votes in Florida, Louisiana and South Carolina. When votes in the other states were counted Tilden had a 184-165 lead in the EC with 20 votes yet undecided. Congress set up an electoral commission to decide those 20 votes and all went to Hayes. That commission voted on party lines with the exception of an independent Supreme Court Justice. Democrats tried to sweeten the pot for that person on the commission by giving them a senate seat which they implicently but not explicitly put out to vote in their direction. That person resigned from the commission and took the senate seat. The new commissioner threw the vote in favor of the Republicans after a deal was made to end reconstruction in the south.

In 1824 six states still chose their electors by votes from the state legislatures including the largest state NY. There were also four states that split their votes via Congressional district. There were 4 candidates running that year who split the vote while the leading candidate, Andrew Jackson, had 43% of the popular vote. Crusty Jackson was not popular with the legislatures getting votes from South Carolina and small split of NY. In the end of the 71 votes from legislatures, he receive only 15. Overall he received 99 of the 261 votes with 131 needed for election. The matter was sent to the House by the rules of the Constitution and the bottom candidate dropped off. John Quincy Adams won there most likely due to a deal that offered the Secretary of State to the losing candidate, Henry Clay. Clay threw his hefty weight behind Quincy Adams who won the votes of 13 of the 24 delegations.
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