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Old 11-28-2008, 08:08 AM  
the Talking Can the Talking Can is offline
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Remains of Spicoli found in China

2,700-year-old marijuana stash found

By THE CANADIAN PRESS

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OTTAWA Researchers say they have located the world's oldest stash of marijuana, in a tomb in a remote part of China.

The cache of cannabis is about 2,700 years old and was clearly "cultivated for psychoactive purposes," rather than as fibre for clothing or as food, says a research paper in the Journal of Experimental Botany.

The 789 grams of dried cannabis was buried alongside a light-haired, blue-eyed Caucasian man, likely a shaman of the Gushi culture, near Turpan in northwestern China.

The extremely dry conditions and alkaline soil acted as preservatives, allowing a team of scientists to carefully analyze the stash, which still looked green though it had lost its distinctive odour.

"To our knowledge, these investigations provide the oldest documentation of cannabis as a pharmacologically active agent," says the newly published paper, whose lead author was American neurologist Dr. Ethan B. Russo.

Remnants of cannabis have been found in ancient Egypt and other sites, and the substance has been referred to by authors such as the Greek historian Herodotus. But the tomb stash is the oldest so far that could be thoroughly tested for its properties.

The 18 researchers, most of them based in China, subjected the cannabis to a battery of tests, including carbon dating and genetic analysis. Scientists also tried to germinate 100 of the seeds found in the cache, without success.

The marijuana was found to have a relatively high content of THC, the main active ingredient in cannabis, but the sample was too old to determine a precise percentage.

Researchers also could not determine whether the cannabis was smoked or ingested, as there were no pipes or other clues in the tomb of the shaman, who was about 45 years old.

The large cache was contained in a leather basket and in a wooden bowl, and was likely meant to be used by the shaman in the afterlife.

"This materially is unequivocally cannabis, and no material has previously had this degree of analysis possible," Russo said in an interview from Missoula, Mont.

"It was common practice in burials to provide materials needed for the afterlife. No hemp or seeds were provided for fabric or food. Rather, cannabis as medicine or for visionary purposes was supplied."

The tomb also contained bridles, archery equipment and a harp, confirming the man's high social standing.

Russo is a full-time consultant with GW Pharmaceuticals, which makes Sativex, a cannabis-based medicine approved in Canada for pain linked to multiple sclerosis and cancer.

The company operates a cannabis-testing laboratory at a secret location in southern England to monitor crop quality for producing Sativex, and allowed Russo use of the facility for tests on 11 grams of the tomb cannabis.

Researchers needed about 10 months to cut red tape barring the transfer of the cannabis to England from China, Russo said.

The inter-disciplinary study was published this week by the British-based botany journal, which uses independent reviewers to ensure the accuracy and objectivity of all submitted papers.

The substance has been found in two of the 500 Gushi tombs excavated so far in northwestern China, indicating that cannabis was either restricted for use by a few individuals or was administered as a medicine to others through shamans, Russo said.

"It certainly does indicate that cannabis has been used by man for a variety of purposes for thousands of years."

Russo, who had a neurology practice for 20 years, has previously published studies examining the history of cannabis.

"I hope we can avoid some of the political liabilities of the issue," he said, referring to his latest paper.

The region of China where the tomb is located, Xinjiang, is considered an original source of many cannabis strains worldwide.
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Old 11-28-2008, 08:22 AM   #2
WilliamTheIrish WilliamTheIrish is offline
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Old 11-28-2008, 08:44 AM   #3
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The Archaeologists were unable to find the tomb again until they started following a fortuitous trail of Ding Dong wrappers and Frito bags.
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Old 11-28-2008, 10:11 AM   #4
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I bet that shit is a bit dry and harsh....
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Old 11-28-2008, 10:20 AM   #5
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finally some new worth reading
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Old 11-28-2008, 11:03 AM   #6
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Why do i see a skoobee doo episode out of this? 'The Curse Of The Ancient Weed' You know it ends with shaggy and skoobee eating one of those super decker sandwiches.

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Old 11-28-2008, 11:22 AM   #7
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I'll bet this happens on almost every dig but is rarely reported. Why else would artistic types dig around in the mud for artifacts?
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Old 11-28-2008, 12:32 PM   #8
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Quote:
Originally Posted by philfree View Post
Why do i see a skoobee doo episode out of this? 'The Curse Of The Ancient Weed' You know it ends with shaggy and skoobee eating one of those super decker sandwiches.

PhilFree
Skoobee?

Is that Scooby Doo's long-lost stoner cousin?
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Old 11-28-2008, 12:38 PM   #9
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this dude went into the future and stole my idea.
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Old 11-28-2008, 03:11 PM   #10
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Phobia View Post
I'll bet this happens on almost every dig but is rarely reported. Why else would artistic types dig around in the mud for artifacts?

Where... what? where the hell did you get that avatar?
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Old 11-28-2008, 03:16 PM   #11
Phobia Phobia is offline
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Where... what? where the hell did you get that avatar?
That's Bill Lundberg in real life. One of his RL friends posted it on facebook. Hilarious, huh?
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Old 11-28-2008, 03:34 PM   #12
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That's Bill Lundberg in real life. One of his RL friends posted it on facebook. Hilarious, huh?
I'm glad I don't have any friends.
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Old 11-28-2008, 04:52 PM   #13
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Originally Posted by Phobia View Post
That's Bill Lundberg in real life. One of his RL friends posted it on facebook. Hilarious, huh?
That is now the greatest avatar in history.

I just stare at it and start laughing.
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Old 11-28-2008, 09:03 PM   #14
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Originally Posted by Phobia View Post
That's Bill Lundberg in real life. One of his RL friends posted it on facebook. Hilarious, huh?
Thank you for cropping out the beautiful Mrs. Lundberg in the photo. And I will have a new avatar soon. It will be glorious...
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Bill Lundberg must have mowed badgirl's lawn.Bill Lundberg must have mowed badgirl's lawn.Bill Lundberg must have mowed badgirl's lawn.Bill Lundberg must have mowed badgirl's lawn.Bill Lundberg must have mowed badgirl's lawn.Bill Lundberg must have mowed badgirl's lawn.Bill Lundberg must have mowed badgirl's lawn.Bill Lundberg must have mowed badgirl's lawn.Bill Lundberg must have mowed badgirl's lawn.Bill Lundberg must have mowed badgirl's lawn.Bill Lundberg must have mowed badgirl's lawn.
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Old 11-28-2008, 09:04 PM   #15
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That is now the greatest avatar in history.

I just stare at it and start laughing.
There aren't words to describe how drunk I was at the time
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Bill Lundberg must have mowed badgirl's lawn.Bill Lundberg must have mowed badgirl's lawn.Bill Lundberg must have mowed badgirl's lawn.Bill Lundberg must have mowed badgirl's lawn.Bill Lundberg must have mowed badgirl's lawn.Bill Lundberg must have mowed badgirl's lawn.Bill Lundberg must have mowed badgirl's lawn.Bill Lundberg must have mowed badgirl's lawn.Bill Lundberg must have mowed badgirl's lawn.Bill Lundberg must have mowed badgirl's lawn.Bill Lundberg must have mowed badgirl's lawn.
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